Graves in Plot III Le Cateau Military Cemetery of Major Alexander Harvie Maclean, 2nd Battalion Princess Louise’s (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) killed in action 26th August 1914 aged 46 years; born Glasgow, son of Andrew Hislop Maclean, served in the South African campaign. Lieutenant Arthur Kirkpatrick Maclean, 2nd Battalion Princess Louise’s (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) killed in action 26th August 1914 aged 27 years; son of Reverend George Maclean, husband of Enid Maclean of Moy, Warren Lane, Crowborough, Sussex. Lieutenant George Herbert Payne, 2nd Battalion Suffolk Regiment killed in action 26th August 1914 aged 21 years; son of George Payne Sleaford Road, Boston Lincs and the late Gertrude Payne. Captain the Honourable Robert Bruce (Master of Burleigh) 2nd Battalion Princess Louise’s (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) killed in action 26th August 1914 aged 34 years; son of Lord and Lady Balfour of Burleigh, Kennet, Aloa, Scotland. Captain Archibald Edward Kennedy 2nd Battalion Princess Louise’s (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) killed in action 26th August 1914 aged 35 years; son of Sir John Gordon Kennedy K.C.M.G. and Evelyn Adela Kennedy of Burnthouse Cuckfield Sussex.
Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery, Souchez, Pas de Calais. Souchez is a village about 7 miles North from Arras centre on the Arras – Bethune D937 road. The cemetery is about 1 mile south of the village itself. On the 26th September 1915 Souchez was taken from the Germans by the French. The village itself was completely destroyed. In March 1916 the French handed over the sector to Commonwealth forces. The “Cabaret Rouge” was a large house on the main road near the site of the cemetery, on the opposite side of the D937 to the cemetery were dugouts used as battalion headquarters in 1916 and communication trenches ended in the vicinity including a very long one named the Cabaret. The cemetery was begun by Commonwealth troops in March 1916, used until August 1917 (largely by the 47th (London) Division and the Canadian Corps) and – at intervals – until September 1918. Original burials are in plots I to V. The cemetery was greatly enlarged after the Armistice when more than 7,000 graves were brought in from the battlefields of Arras and from 103 other burial grounds in the Nord and the Pas-de-Calais. Records 6,705 U.K., 721 Can., 115Aust., 42 S.A., 8 N.Z, 2 Newfld., 4 German burials and 60 special memorials. The cemetery now contains 7,655 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, more than half of them unidentified, and so there must have been further burials post 1930.
Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery, Souchez.
Grave in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery of No. 11742 Private Arthur Follows, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards killed in action 25th January 1915 aged 22 years. Headstone bears an inscription “Peace, Perfect Peace With Loved ones far away.”
Grave in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery of No. 11743 Private Richard Follows, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards killed in action 25th January 1915 aged 23 years. Headstone bears inscription “Until the day breaks And the shadows pass away.” These two brothers worked together, enlisted together, served together and died together and are now buried in adjacent plots having first been buried near Cuinchy brickworks south of the La Bassee canal.
View detailed record of the Follows brothers
Grave in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery of a Soldier of the Great War, Coldstream Guards, known unto God. Almost certainly from the 1st Battalion and killed on the 25th January 1915
Grave in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery of No. 8630 Private W R E Facey, No 4 Company,1st Battalion Coldstream Guards killed in action 25th January 1915 aged 21 years.
Grave in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery of No. 5499 Private T J Tudball 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards killed in action 25th January 1915.
Privates Arthur and Richard Follows, the unknown soldier and then Privates Facey and Tudball are buried in plots XXV-B-1 to 5.
Grave in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery of No. 11084 Private H T Fletcher 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards killed in action 25th January 1915 aged 21 years. Headstone bears inscription “Never forgotten.”
Private Fletcher is buried in plot XXV-C-2, the row behind his fellow Guardsmen.
Caix British Cemetery, Somme. 16 miles East of Amiens, 3 miles West of Rosieres-en-Santerre, South East of the village and on the road to Warvillers. Begun in March 1918 and enlarged after the Armistice. Caix was taken on the night of 8th August 1918 by the Canadian Corps. Records 219 Can., 129 U.K. and 12 Aust. Burials.
Grave in Caix British Cemetery of No. 20486 Private Walter Henry Eagles 7th Dragoon Guards (Princess Royal’s) who died on the 9th August 1918 aged 36 years. Husband of Adeline Mary Eagles of 18 Clarendon Road, Weston-super-Mare. Headstone bears inscription “Thy Life was given for me.”
A Cross (now split) placed on the Grave of Private Walter Henry Eagles by Adeline Eagles inscribed “To my dear husband Walter Henry Eagles who fell Aug. 8th 1918.”
Grave in Caix British Cemetery of Captain G B Tatham 3rd Battalion the Rifle Brigade, M.C. who was killed in action on the 30th March 1918 aged 34 years. Headstone records he was killed near Hangard Wood and was a Fellow and Junior Bursar of Trinity College Cambridge and the younger son of T C Tatham of Highgate.
Grave in Caix British Cemetery of No. 4733 Trumpeter John Moylan D.C.M. 11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars killed in action on the 8thth August 1918. The award of the D.C.M. was apparently when John Moylan was serving with the 18th (Queen Mary’s Own) Hussars and the entry in the London Gazette records “For conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. He repeatedly entered a trench and rescued men who had been wounded and assisted to carry them to a place of safety under heavy shell fire.” Born Dundalk, enlisted Curragh.
Grave in Caix British Cemetery of Lieutenant Colonel Arthur John Alexander Menzies D.S.O. Royal Army Medical Corps, commanding 3rd Cavalry Field Ambulance, who died 9th August 1918 aged 32 years. The 3rd Cavalry Field Ambulance was a Canadian unit and Colonel Menzies was killed in an air raid on the 9th August 1918. Son of Mrs. E R Stephens of Bucklands, Churt, Surrey and late Alexander Mensies. Husband of Ethel F W Lucas of 9 Alexandra Court Queen’s Gate London. Headstone bears inscription “Peace, Peace. He is not dead He dost not sleep He hath awaken from the dream of life.”
Graves in Caix British Cemetery of Lieutenant C Sotheron E’stcourt Royal Air Force M.C. who died on the 8th August 1918 aged 24 years : and Lieutenant Arnold Derham Robinson Royal Air Force who died on the 12th August 1918.
Guards Cemetery, Windy Corner, Cuinchy, Pas de Calais. Cuinchy is a village about 4 miles east of Bethune, north of the road from Bethune to La Bassee but just to the south of the La Bassee Canal. Just under a mile from the village and across the canal is a cross roads known as Windy Corner and the Cemetery is on the minor road running from the west of these cross road back to the Canal. Near to this cemetery was a house used as Battalion HQ and dressing Station and the cemetery was begun by the 2nd Division in January 1915 and used extensively by the 4th (Guards) Brigade in and after February 1915. The cemetery was closed at the end of May 1915 when it contained 681 graves but after the Armistice was increased by the concentration of 2,720 graves from the neighbouring battlefields and small cemeteries, in particular from the battlefields of Neuve-Chapelle, the Aubers Ridge and Festubert. There are now nearly 3,500 1914 – 1918 casualties commemorated in this site. Of these, over 2,000 are unidentified and special memorials are erected to 36 soldiers from the U.K. known or believed to be buried among them. Smaller graveyards from which graves were concentrated into this cemetery include Baluchi Road Cemetery, Neuve-Chapelle; Edward Road Cemetery No. 3 Richebourg-L’Avoue; Indian Village Cemetery, Festubert; Lorgies Communal Cemetery and Pont-Fixe South Cemetery, Cuinchy.
Grave in Guards Cemetery, Cuinchy of No. 11096 Private William Hubert Morris 2nd Battalion Oxford and Bucks. Light Infantry who was killed in action on the 25th September 1915 aged 18 years. Born Wolston, enlisted Rugby residence Shenton Warwickshire. Private Morris is also commemorated on the Wolston Village War Memorial.
For circumstances see entry under Wolston Village Memorial
Grave in Guards Cemetery, Cuinchy of 2nd Lieutenant Harold F Marion-Crawford 1st Battalion Irish Guards died 16th April 1915 aged 27 years. Brigade Bombing Officer. Son of late Francis Marion-Crawford, the novelist of Villa Crawford, Sorrento. Husband of Nina Marion-Crawford.
Harold Marion-Crawford joined the Battalion on the 28th November 1914 when the Battalion was at Meteren and by mid December he was established in No. 3 Company. At the end of February 1915 he had a period of leave in England. The Battalon had a minor part to perform in the Battle of Neuve Chapelle where the opening stages of the attack on the 10th March went very well. Three days after the end of the Battle on the 15th March 1915 2nd Lieutenant Marion-Crawford was appointed Brigade Bombing Officer to the Guards Brigade with 60 men under him attached to the Irish Guards. The “jam pot” grenade of 1914 was practically obsolete by then; the “stick” hand grenade of the hair brush type and the grenade fired from rifles had succeeded it and were appearing on the front in appreciable quantities. The Mills bomb which superseded all others both for hand and rifle was not available before the autumn of 1915 and was not lavishly supplied until the beginning of 1916.
On the 16th April 1915 while Harold Marion-Cawford was schooling some men of the 3rd Coldstream Guards with live grenades, one exploded and killed him instantaneously. “He had shown the greatest ability in organizing the bombing work and his loss at that time where bombers were being more and more leaned upon was very seriously felt.” He was buried four hours after his death in this Cemetery.
Eventually the British bombing team consisted of 9 men: an N.C.O., 2 throwers, 2 carriers and 2 bayonet men to defend the team and 2 “spare” for use when casualties were incurred. The earliest bombs were made from tins, packed with guncotton and scrap metal with a fuse through the top. “Stick” bombs basically were a canister filled with explosive with a handle, ignited by removing the safety pin and when then thrown the handle with “streamers” ensured it landed nose down and this forced the striker into the detonator but it was prone to the problem of hitting the trench wall detonating the bomb in the British trench! The third early bomb was ignited by striking the grenade like a match against a special pad worn by the bomb thrower.
Grave in Guards Cemetery, Cuinchy of 2nd Lieutenant John Maurice Stewart 1st Battalion Irish Guards killed in action 1st April 1915 aged 19 years. Son of Sir Charles Stewart K.B.E. and Lady Mary Stewart 24 Eccleston Square London SW1.
John Stewart joined the Battalion on the 30th December 1914 when it was billeted at Bethune and had taken over trenches near Le Touret between Essars and Richebourg. On the 10th March 1915 the Battalion began tours in Givenchy sector trenches resting at Le Preol. 2nd Lieutenant Stewart was killed before dawn on the 1st April 1915 while looking over the parapet of the trench at Duck’s Bill and was buried at noon in this Cemetery. “He was one of the best of the younger officers of these days and had proved himself on many occasions.”
Headstone bears inscription “Some we behold not They have passed in glory.”
Grave in Guards Cemetery, Cuinchy of Lieutenant Frederick Guy Marshall 2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards killed in action 22nd March 1915 aged 22 years. Son of Major Wilfred Marshall and Mrs. Marshall now Lady Bridges.
On the 20th October 1914 Lieutenant Marshall was with No. 3 Company of the Grenadier Guards at St. Jean north of Ypres. He was with the Battalion on the 22nd November 1914 one of only 12 officers who had survived the First Battle of Ypres, and by the 25th December had moved to become 2 i/c of No. 2 Company. On the 12th March 1915 the Battalion relieved the Irish Guards at Givenchy, north of the Canal and East of the Windy Corner cross roads. The trenches which were comparatively new were shallow and the parapet not bullet proof, the village of Givenchy was a complete ruin and the roads were full of shell-holes, bricks, tiles, and debris of every description. The shelling and sniping went on intermittently. On the 22nd March 1915 Lieutenant Frederick Marshall who had been having tea with the doctor, Captain F D G Howell, Royal Army Medical Corps, at the dressing station was returning to the trenches when a stray bullet killed him.
Headstone bears inscription “The dead live there and move like winds of light on dark and stormy air."
Grave in Guards Cemetery, Cuinchy of Brigadier-General the Honourable John Frederick Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis, D.S.O., Irish Guards, C.O. 20th Infantry Brigade 7th Division killed in action 24th October 1915 aged 37 years.
The Honourable John Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis was born in 1878 the son of the 20th Baron Clinton and of the Dowager Lady Clinton of Woodleigh Sunninghill Berkshire. Educated at Eton he served as a trooper in the South African war and was gazetted as an officer in the Irish Guards in 1901. He became Adjutant of the Regiment from 1909 to 1913 and then following a period at the Royal Military College at Sandhurst joined the 1st Battalion as Adjutant on the 18th September 1914. By mid December 1914 he was a Major and the Commanding Officer of the Battalion. He was awarded the D.S.O. in February 1915 remaining as Lieutenant Colonel and C.O. of the Battalion in early May 1915. On the 15th August 1915 he was appointed reluctantly to the command of the 20th Infantry Brigade. Just prior to the relief of the 20th Infantry Brigade by the 21st Infantry Brigade, Commanding Officer Brigadier General R A Berners, Brigadier General Trefusis was going round the trenches at Givenchy when he was shot in the head by a German sniper and died almost immediately, a vigorous and capable commander his death being described as a great loss to the Brigade.
Headstone bears inscription “R.I.P.”
Grave in Guards Cemetery, Cuinchy of Major James Mackenzie, V.C. 1st Battalion attached 2nd Battalion the Bedfordshire Regiment killed in action 17th May 1915 aged 44 years. A native of Contin Rosshire.
The issue of the London Gazette dated 15th January 1901 records “On the 6th June 1900 at Dompoassi in Ashanti Sergeant Mackenzie after working two maxim guns under hot fire and being wounded while doing so volunteered to clear the stockades of the enemy which he did in the most gallant manner leading the charge himself and driving the enemy headlong into the bush.”
The Battalion was part of 21st Infantry Brigade, 7th Division and the plan was for the 7th Division to break through the German line north of the village of Festubert heading East and towards la Turelle a hamlet on what is now the D947 La Bassee to Estaires road. The aartillery bombardment began on the 13th May and the initial infantry assault was on the 15th May; the Battalion with the 4th Battalion Cameron Highlanders were not involved until the night of the 17th May when in wet and miserable conditions the two battalions started their attack at 7.30 p.m. It had been made without any previous reconnaissance and so the Bedfordshire was not aware of the fact that deep ditches crossed their line of advance the last, finally checking their attempts to advance, being 12 feet broad and 5 feet deep and full of water. At these deep ditches the Battalion had become disorganised and was enfiladed by German machine-guns from the right causing heavy casualties. Major Mackenzie was killed as he left the jumping-off trench.
.Major James Mackenzie was killed during the course of the Battle of Festubert 15th-25th May 1915, the last of the three attacks on the German lines on Aubers Ridge in 1915.